BAR International Series 2281 (2011):
Zur Neolithisierung des Mittleren Niltals und angrenzender Regionen: Kultureller Wandel vom Mesolithikum zum Neolithikum im Nord- und Zentralsudan.
By Annett Dittrich.
Archaeopress. ISBN 9781407308586. £50.00. ix+454 pages; thoroughly illustrated; catalogue; German with English summary.

Table of Contents (PDF)

Chapter 1: Methodische Ausgangsposition und Forschungsgeschichte (Online)
Chapter 2: Quellen und Erhaltungsbedingungen (Online)
Chapter 3: Radiokarbondatierung und Phasenchronologie (Online)
Chapter 4: Typologie des Fundmaterials (Online)
Chapter 5: Stratigrafische Fundanalyse (Online)
Chapter 6: Regionale Artefaktchronologien (Online)
Chapter 7: Subsistenz und Klima (Online)
Chapter 8: Sozialstrukturen (Online)
Chapter 9: Synopsis: Der Neolithisierungsprozess im Nord- und Zentralsudan
Appendix A: Zusammenfassung/Summary
Appendix B: Listen (Kalibrationsdaten)
Appendix C: Tafeln (Keramikverzierungen)
Appendix D: Katalog der Fundplätze




The study deals with the Neolithisation in the Middle Nile valley in two respects: (1) as a chronological sequence that allows to reconstruct this process of transformation in the long term (7000−4500 calBC), and (2) as an assessment of temporality and causality implicit to the introduction of domesticated species into the study area by 5000 calBC. As for both objectives chronological precision is an indispensable prerequisite, the significance of 274 available radiocarbon dates is critically evaluated while all dates are consistently calibrated for the first time. Beside their datings, 60 prehistoric sites are discussed in detail in the catalogue. To overcome known problems, the chronological revision involves formation and transformation processes specific to arid environments, as well as the possibility of multi-period find admixtures at Holocene Nile terraces. Against the background of Early Holocene climatic and hydrographic scenarios, the change of subsistence modes from hunter-fisher-gatherer to pastoralists-forager is embedded in the context of a fundamental social transformation including the re-definition of space, the alteration of burial customs/concepts of afterlife, the establishment of exchange networks oriented towards the Red Sea coast and the Egyptian Nile valley through which animal and animal products are traded, as well as the introduction of new object types/displays of prestige.